Oil in Ecuador
Headscarves in France
Migrant labor in Dubai
Photo essay on education in India
China in the 21st Century
Fall 2008/Winter 2009
Rethinking Return: No Easy Way Back for Uganda’s Displaced – As conflict in Northern Uganda has subsided, international organizations have begun a tough rebuilding and development process. To succeed, they must be mindful of psychological, economic, social, and political issues.
Reflections from Lesotho – Jerry Lee shares his experiences in Maseru, Lesotho. Visiting schoolchildren from communities displaced by the Lesotho Highlands Water Project, Jerry reflects on the plethora of human rights issues associated with poverty.
Does War Bring Peace? An Examination of the “Paradoxical Logic” of Peacekeeping, the Role of Power in Peacekeeping Operations, and the Way Forward – Scholar Edward Luttwak argues against humanitarian interventions, claiming that they deny war the chance to “serve its sole useful function: to bring peace.” While humanitarian relief should not be completely discredited, Luttwak may be justified in his call for a more realist approach to international peacekeeping operations.
Feature Interview: Paul Rudatsikira Speaks – Paul Rudatsikira speaks about his experience as a Rwandan refugee and shares his thoughts about how the country is moving forward.
“Paradox” - A poem by Rachel Kelley
“She Speaks in Bombs” – A poem by Katrice Williams
The Right Path to Restoring Human Rights: America’s Past, Europe’s Present, and What We Can Learn for the Future - In this memo to the President-Elect, Carlee Brown compares the human rights policies of the United States and Europe. Her recommendations focus on the strong American tradition of protecting human rights.
Reflections of Global Change: Dr. James Orbinski’s Humanitarian Dilemma and the United Nations Association Film Festival – A question-and-answer session with Dr. James Orbinski about his most recent film, Triage.
Burma – A photo essay by Katharine Wulff
Not ‘another Rwanda’: Considerations for the Success of Rwanda’s Post-Genocide Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration – More than a decade has passed since a genocidal conflict between Hutus and Tutsis killed up to one million Rwandans within four months of 1994, and yet the struggle in Rwanda is far from over. Perpetrators of the massacre have yet to be tried, and thousands of suspects have been detained and denied the opportunity to face court hearings. This article explores the complex process of reintroducing former combatants into Rwandan civilian life.
Human Trafficking in Transnistria – While Europe is often – and rightly – seen as a champion of human rights, it is important to recognize the abuses that nonetheless continue within its borders. In Transnistria, an autonomous region of Moldova, human trafficking exploits poor young women by promising them jobs as domestic workers or au pairs in other European countries and instead forcing them into prostitution.
The Right to Return Home: New Orleans in Post-Katrina Devastation – This article explores the housing situation in New Orleans two years after Hurricane Katrina. In both the short and the long run, the government has failed to fulfill its duty to provide shelter for displaced residents, protect their right of return, and maintain basic infrastructure and service provision throughout the city.
Arsenic Poisoning in Bangladesh: Exploring the Largest Mass Poisoning in History – While the incidence of cholera in Bangladesh decreased through international intervention, a new health crisis has emerged: an epidemic of arsenic poisoning. The effects of arsenic poisoning range from painful and disfiguring skin lesions to liver and spleen enlargement, cardiac failure, neurological impairment, and various cancers. Author Kaylin Pennington explores the ongoing crisis and possible solutions.
United States Accession to the International Criminal Court – In an effort to ensure worldwide peace and security, the Rome Statute calls for an International Criminal Court to prosecute war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide, and even aggression. While 139 nations have signed onto the treaty, the U.S. continues to resist, despite its involvement in the drafting. Author Sherie Gertler explains why the U.S. has thus fair refrained from ratifying the Rome Treaty and why future endorsement is crucial for the enforcement of universal international human rights law.
Feature Interview: Zvisinei Sandi – Zvisinei talks about her experiences as a journalist in Zimbabwe under Robert Mugabe’s rule.
Campus Activism – A review of Anne Firth Murray’s book on women’s rights, talking points from Amartya Sen’s visit to campus, and advocacy updates from the Coalition of Students Against Deportation, Stanford Friends of Tibet, the UN Millennium Development Goals Magazine, and FACE AIDS.
Fall 2007/Winter 2008
Lifeline for Iraqi Refugees… – An estimated 2.2. million Iraqis have fled their country and another 2.5 million refugees remain displaced within Iraq’s borders as a result of the destruction wrought by the Iraq war. Author Julie Veroff reveals the hardships of refugees and addresses the drastically inadequate response of the United States.
A Global Surgery: Female Circumcision, Labiaplasty, and the Hypocrisy of Western Feminism – Author Mitali Thakor discusses the hypocrisy of Western feminists who have looked upon the practice of female circumcision with horror, while for the sake of “beauty,” submitted their own bodies to the scalpel for sexual body modification surgeries. **The poem at the beginning of the article is from “Gender Imperialism in Academia” by Nkiru Nzegwu, which can be found in the Journal of African Philosophy. The journal article can be found here. For additional reference:
Nzegwu, Nkiru. “Gender Imperialism in Academia.” Journal of African Philosophy. 3 (2003): Print.
Experiments in International Justice: The Special Court for Sierra Leone and the International Criminal Court’s Democratic Republic of the Congo Investigation – Author Krishanu Sengupta reports on his experience monitoring war crimes trials in The International Criminal Court at The Hague and the Special Court for Sierra Leone.
Slow and Silent: The Story of Water Contamination in Bhopal, India – Twenty-three years ago, 40 tons of deadly methyl isocyanate gas leaked from a Union Carbide pesticide plant in Old Bhopal, India, killing between 3,000 and 15,000 people. About 500,000 people were exposed to the gas, and today between 120,000 and 150,000 people suffer from the ramifications of exposure.
Feature Interview: Peter Sampson, Peace Negotiation Facilitator - Peter Sampson talks about his experiences as a negotiator in conflict zones.
Exploring Women’s Inequality in Iran: The Impact of Using Religion in Politics – In the theocracy of Iran, a political system wedded to a conservative interpretation of Islam denies women equal rights and subjugates them to a second-class existence. The author explores the system of Shari’a law which denies women the right to be clerics, judges, or the president.
UNAFF Coverage and Interview: Gretchen Wallace, the Devil Came on Horseback – Reviews of Special Circumstances, War/Dance, and The Devil Came on Horseback
(not yet online)
Sex Trafficking…in San Francisco
Genocide’s Artifacts: The Toul Sleng Museum, Cambodia
Juvenile (In)justice? Children, Cellblocks, and Communities: The California Youth Authority
Civilians in the Crossfire: Naxalite Conflict in Central India and the Use of Special Police
Toxic Challenges to Traditional Medicine: Pesticide Use and Health in Ecuador
Feature Interview: Anne Firth Murray
(not yet online)
SOIL in Haiti: Composing Sanitation Problems into Agricultural Solutions
Surfing in Liberia: A Country in the Wake of War
Stanford Labor Action Coalition: The Fight for a Living Wage
Guatemala: Genocide, Politicide, or Counterinsurgency
Killing for Honor
(not yet online)
Why IDPs Matter in the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict
From “Storefront Window” to “Our Little Iraq”: The French Intervention in Côte d’Ivoire and its Lessons
Meditation Under Attack: China’s Suppression of the Falun Gong Movement
The Bitter Truth About Chocolate: Child Labor, Trafficking, and Abuse on West African Cocoa Plantations
Feature Interview: Gayle Smith
Sexual Violence in War: A Crime Against Humanity
“Wipe Your Tears, The Whole World is Sick”: Domestic Violence and HIV/AIDS, the Case of Uganda – In sub-Saharan Africa, HIV is a gendered disease. In many countries, such as Uganda, discrimination against women seals their fates as victims of this devastating virus.
Maids, Mothers, or Mules? Female Drug Traffickers and the Role of Women in Colombia – Drug trafficking is becoming feminized. In Colombia, hardships and the dearth of freedoms for women have driven many into the drug trade.
Better off Alone? The Debate Over Intercountry Adoption – Despite widespread norms establishing children’s rights, many kids lack the most basic liberties. Intercountry adoption offers a way for some children to live better lives.
Stonewalled in Stone Town: Zanzibar’s Fledgling Democracy – Is there a lower standard for democracy in Africa? Author Heidi Moseson offers an eye-witness account of Zanzibar’s 2005 elections. Declared a success by many outsiders, on the inside the view was very different.
Feature Interview: Inday Espina-Varona – Journalist Inday Espina-Varona has reported on a host of human rights issues in the Philippines, and she has fought ardently for freedom of the press. She is in residence at Stanford this year as a Knight Fellow.
Remnants of a Revolution: A New Generation of Victims in Cambodia – A full generation after the Cambodian Revolution, the country still feels the effects of this damaging war. Sadly, Cambodian children continue to suffer from a conflict that “ended” before they were born.
(not yet online)
Are NGOs the Answer? Potential and Pitfalls of Volunteering Abroad
The Unequal Bargain: Exploring the Trend of Giving through Volunteer Work in Africa
…A Summer in a Zambian Refugee Camp
Can NGOS Help? Critiquing the Critics, A Re-Evaluation of NGO Scope in the Rwandan Genocide
Lebanon: A Survey of Devastation
Feature Interview: Paul Cowan, the Peacekeepers
“The Last Respectable Prejudice of the 20th Century…” Confronting Homophobia in American Public Schools
A Children’s War in Northern Uganda - According to Jan Egeland at the UN, the civil war in Uganda is the world’s ‘largest neglected humanitarian crisis.’ So far, 20,000 children have been abducted.
The Gang War in El Salvador - El Salvador’s crackdown on gangs only leads to more human rights abuses. To stop these brutal gang wars, officials must address their root causes.
Still Waiting for a Chance: Personal Reflections on the Spiritual and Political Culture in Haiti - Human rights violations have worsened in Haiti since the fall of President Aristide. The US and Brazil, however, perpetuate instability by acting out of self-interest.
Maid in Southeast Asia: An Examination of Indonesian Domestic Servants in Malaysia - Indonesian household servants in Malaysia have few rights. Once under contract, they are subject to psychological, physical, and sexual abuse by their employers.
Intersex Operations: Understanding the Social and Medical Controversies Behind Gender Re-Assignment - Genital surgery on newborns characterized as intersex violates children’s human rights. Parents should not be allowed to force such operations for aesthetic norms.
Spotlight On: West Bank – Professor Rehm recounts his travels in Israel and his views on the checkpoints and the new wall that sever Palestinians from their livelihoods and the outside world.
Guantanamo Detainees – Detainees held by the US military in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba occupy a legal niche from which the government claims they cannot contest their detention in civil courts.
Rape: A Failure of Justice – Hundreds of thousands of DNA samples for rape cases sit untouched and untested as women nationwide face a justice system that discriminates against them.
LGBT Rights – For Americans, it’s easier to ridicule human rights abuses abroad than to recognize the violations that take place here at home—we must acknowledge LGBT rights.
Interview: John Prendergast – John Prendergast discusses his exensive experience de-
fending human rights in Sudan and throughout Africa, from
both policy-making and advocacy perspectives.
The Death Penalty in America – The US’s criminal justice system is, ironically, rife with injustice; we stand by as the mentally disabled, a
disproportionate number of racial minorities, and the potentially innocent are put to death.
Diamonds are a Guerrilla’s Best Friend: African Conflict Diamonds and the Failures of the Kimberley Process – African countries rich in diamonds have experienced the “resource curse.” These gems fuel conflict throughout the continent, in countries like Sierra Leone and Liberia.
In Gulu – Author Chrissie Coxon shares her experiences in Gulu,
Uganda. Visiting refugees in internally displaced persons camps and child “night commuters” in NGO-run dormitories, Chrissie observes the impact of the human rights abuses of the Lord’s Resistance Army.
Clinical Trials – In 2004, demonstrators stormed the International AIDS Conference to protest the unethical trials of an AIDS prevention drug, Tenofovir, by sex workers in Cambodia. The author evaluates arguments from both sides.
The Struggle for Health in Nepal – Nepal’s Primary Health Care Centers lack the basic infrastructure and resources to effectively serve their
communities. This problem is complicated by the ongoing Maoist insurgency, necessitating a solution beyond money.
Feature Interview: Dr. Tseten Sadutshang, an Unsung Hero of Compassion and the Personal Physician to His Holiness the Dalai Lama – Dr. Sadutshang runs a network of health clinics for the Tibetan community in India. He was recognized by the Dalai Lama as an unsung hero of compassion.
Death Penalty – Putting aside moral arguments, the severe biases in our criminal justice system alone justify a moratorium on the death penalty in the U.S, which would signal to the world our acceptance of spreading human rights norms.
Special Report: Basque Prisoner Speaks Out – Basque newspaper editor and prisoner of conscience reaches out to Stanford in a letter from prison in Aranjuez, Spain.
Georgia’s IDP Problem – Georgia’s internally displaced population is deprived of international aid earmarked for refugees, but the government refuses to resettle them due to political motives.
China’s One-Child Policy – After three decades of the One-Child Policy, Chinese couples continue to struggle with family planning, while the Chinese government remains concerned about population growth.
Wake Up and Write About Us – Oyungerel Tsedevdamba, an experienced Mongolian human rights activist, conveys the power of writing in defending human rights.
Armenian Genocide – The Turkish government refuses to acknowledge the genocide of 1.5 million Armenians by the Ottoman Turks in 1915, instead maintaining a foreign policy of denial.
Interview: Dr. Paul Farmer – Physician, anthropologist, and health rights activist, Dr. Paul Farmer discusses healthcare in rural Haiti and the potential for treatment access, worldwide.
Refugees in North Korea -
An estimated 200,000 North Koreans seeking asylum in China are deprived of refugee rights and face persecution with little hope of legal recourse.
Alien Tort Claims Act -
The ATCA, which allows victims to sue in US courts for human
rights violations committed abroad, faces a Supreme Court
ruling that could deem the act unconstitutional.
South Africa – One student encounters a young democracy’s struggle with gender-based violence against women and children.
“Go to Gaza” – Problems in Gaza run much deeper than the violence depicted in the mainstream media.
Sex Trafficking – A burgeoning sex industry in Southeast Asia has engendered an epidemic of trafficking in women and children.
Nepal – Nepal’s king has wrested control from the parliament, fueling a Maoist insurgency and further threatening stability.
Dr. Larry Diamond – Senior Hoover Fellow Dr. Larry Diamond speaks about the threats to human rights in Iraq and North Korea.
Unearthing Potosi – Bolivia’s free-market reforms have only exacerbated the long history of suffering for the country’s miners.
Garifuna of Belize – Globalization and the influx of foreign influences have threat-
ened the cultural rights of the Garifuna people.
Spotlight On: Darfur, Sudan – A coalition of campus groups has founded the Darfur Relief Campaign to raise funds for victims of war in the region.
Whose Justice? – In East Timor, transitional justice has meant conflict between the UN and the local conception of the law.
Breaking the Silence – Investigations into the murders of women working in the maquiladoras of Juarez, Mexico have stalled.
US Refugees – Several key structural problems in the US refugee program continue to prevent the fulfillment of refugee quotas.
Sri Lanka in Limbo – Though Sri Lanka is a land of great beauty, it is currently being ravaged by ongoing conflicts, despite an official ceasefire.
Sri Lanka at War – Providing stability in the hostile background of the Sri Lankan War, the Jeeva Jothy girls’ home helps children flourish.
Interview: William Abrams – A professor at Stanford, William Abrams speaks about his experience working in death penalty law.
Reconciliation in Rwanda – Over 125,000 Rwandans await trial for crimes commited in the 1994 genocide. An effective justice system is needed.
A View from Mardin – In southeastern Turkey, one student encounters a people engaged in a fight for cultural existence.
Gender-Based Violence – Women in zones of conflict often become victims of a “hidden epidemic” of violence, common across cultures.
Cape Verde – Living in Cape Verde shows one student how gender-based violence can become an accepted part of life.
Between Two Wars – Caught “between two wars,” Liberian refugees in the Ivory Coast struggle for survival.
The Right to Know – An often overlooked right, the right to know is a crucial component of any democratic, human rights-respecting society.
Feature interview with President Kaunda – His Excellency Kenneth Kaunda speaks to Six Degrees about his life, his inspiration, and his commitment to human rights.
Global Gag Rule – US foreign policy is jeopardizing many women’s ability to get an abortion, leading to health problems and fatalities.
(not yet online)
Rwanda to the Congo: Genocide in Central Africa
The Victimization of Mail-Order Brides: Proposals for Industry Reform
Land Rights, Rural Violence, and Impunity in the Brazilian Amazon
Refugee Assistance in Egypt: Making a Broken System Work
Mexico: The Maquiladora Industry